Austrian and American professional bodybuilder, actor, businessman, investor, and politician, Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger, was born on July 30, 1947. He began to weight train at the age of 15, and was awarded the title of Mr. Universe at age 20. Schwarzenegger has won the Mr. Olympia contest seven times. He has remained engaged in the sport of bodybuilding and has written several books and many articles about it.
Schwarzenegger became famous around the world as a Hollywood action film icon. After playing a few small roles and in the documentary Pumping Iron (1977), he played a bodybuilder in the movie Stay Hungry (1976). More famous films that he starred in later, include the hit movie Conan The Barbarian in 1982, followed by another big hit, James Cameron's The Terminator, in 1984. Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991) was even more successful, making Arnold Schwarzenegger one of the highest paid actors.
During the 1990s, Schwarzenegger continued to make big-budget thrillers, which included violent action as well as comedy movies, making him international box office star and one of the most popular - if not the most popular - movie stars in the world. He was nicknamed the "Austrian Oak" and the "Styrian Oak" in his bodybuilding days, "Arnie" during his acting career and more recently the "Governator" (a portmanteau of "Governor" and "Terminator"). From 2003 until 2011 Schwarzenegger served as the 38th Governor of California. As a Republican, he was first elected on October 7, 2003, replacing Governor Gray Davis in a special recall election.
Schwarzenegger was married to Maria Shriver, niece of the late President of the United States John F. Kennedy. The couple separated in 2011 after 25 years of marriage. They have four children: daughters Katherine (born December 13, 1989) and Christina (b. July 23, 1991), and sons Patrick (b.September 18, 1993) and Christopher (b. September 27, 1997).