Albert Einstein (1879 – 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist. His theory of general relativity revolutionized modern physics. Einstein received Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921 for his contribution to modern physics, and especially for discovering the law of the photoelectric effect, which played a major role in establishing quantum theory. He also significantly contributed to the problems of the theory of radiation, statistical mechanics, atomic transition probabilities and relativistic cosmology.
Already as a child, starting from the age of 10, Albert Einstein was very curious to understand the mysteries of science. He also took music lessons, and could play the violin and piano all his life. In his childhood his family moved to Italy and then to Switzerland, where he graduated from high school. 1905, the year when young Einstein was working in a patent office in Bern, Switzerland, is known as his “miracle year”. During this time he received his Doctor’s degree and published his four extremely important research papers, including the Special Theory of Relativity. Ten years later Einstein finished his General Theory of Relativity and in 1921, the Nobel Prize Award in Physics conferred to Einstein led to his enormous fame and the status of a genius around the world.
In 1933 Einstein moved to the United States and became a professor at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton. He became a citizen of United States in 1940 and retired from his post in 1945.
Einstein's life was characterized by intellectual solitude and great passion for music. He married a Serbian mathematician Mileva Maric in 1903 and they had a daughter and two sons; their marriage ended in 1919 and in the same year he married his cousin, Elsa Löwenthal, who died in 1936. Einstein died on April 18, 1955 at Princeton, New Jersey.
Einstein’s theories have widely contributed to the development of television, DVD players, remote control devices, lasers, automatic door openers. In 1999 TIME magazine recognized Einstein as “Person of the Century”. Apart from his unparalleled intellect, leading to his status as the father of modern physics, Einstein was also noted for his dedication to social justice and pacifism, which makes him a high-minded, virtuous person as well.