Steven Paul Jobs (February 24, 1955 – October 5, 2011) was an American businessman, designer and inventor, best known as the co-founder, chairman, and chief executive officer of Apple Inc. He is widely recognized for his great contribution and influence in the field of technology.
Jobs was adopted in infancy, and grew up in Cupertino, California. He dropped out of Reed College and went to work for Atari Corp. where he designed video games. He experimented a lot before he started Apple Computers with Stephen Wozniak in the Jobs' family garage. The first Apple computer, created when Jobs was only 21, changed the idea of a computer from a huge machine used for scientific purposes to a home appliance available for anyone.
Steve Jobs was a co-founder and a chief executive of Pixar Animation Studios and a member of the board of directors of The Walt Disney Company. Jobs significantly contributed to initiating the desktop publishing revolution, especially by means of introducing the LaserWriter and the associated PageMaker software. In 1985 Jobs lost a power struggle with the board of directors, left Apple and founded NeXT, a computer platform development company which specialized in the higher-education and business markets. He was an executive producer of Toy Story (1995). Jobs remained CEO and majority shareholder at 50.1 percent until it was acquired by The Walt Disney Company in 2006, which made Jobs Disney's largest individual shareholder and a member of Disney's Board of Directors. Apple purchased NeXT in 1996 and Jobs was named Apple advisor.
When Apple was undergoing serious difficulties, Jobs took charge of the company and was named "interim CEO" in 1997, or "iCEO" as he joked. Jobs saved Apple from bankruptcy, and made it profitable by 1998. Over the next decade, Steve Jobs supervised the development of the iMac, iTunes, iPod, iPhone, and iPad as well as the company's Apple Retail Stores, iTunes Store and the App Store. The great success of these products and services, and stable financial returns over years, led Apple to become the world's most valuable publicly traded company in 2011. In 2003, Jobs was diagnosed with a pancreas neuroendocrine tumor, which was initially treated. However, he reported a hormone imbalance, underwent a liver transplant in 2009, and continuously lost weight as his health declined. Jobs was on medical leave for most of 2011, resigned as Apple CEO and was elected Chairman of the Board. Steve Jobs died of respiratory arrest related to his metastatic tumor on October 5, 2011.